Recently I’ve been working with Ansible in GCP to try and automate the process of provisioning a bare metal Kubernetes cluster. A good find in this process was the Ansible gcp_compute plugin which allows for the construction of Dynamic Inventories based on your existing GCE resources. What Are We Working With? As is often the case with Ansible, the documentation is great but can be confusing without context or to . . .
Recently I’ve been looking AWS’ Elastic File Service platform, which allows for the provisioning of highly available PaaS storage which can accessed via NFS by multiple services at at very low cost. Whilst this is good, what’s even better is templating and automating the provisioning. In this post we’ll look at how to provision HA EFS storage using Terraform. What Do We Want? We have the option to create EFS . . .
In the days of cloud we’re often called on to integrate a lot of technologies together (as the somewhat messy title of this post suggests). One of the more recent systems I’ve encountered is Istio, popular Kubernetes Service Mesh, which in EKS tends to rely on an Elastic Load Balancer of one flavour or another as the point of access to it’s Gateway. In this post we’ll look at how . . .
Terraform is a powerful Infrastructure as Code tool ideal for creating cloud environments and its flexible HCL syntax allows for the provisioning of complex environments from simple templates, saving countless hours. Often missed is the ability to template resources and use them in conjunction with Terraform’s workspaces feature to maintain concurrent versions of the same environment. When coupled with even a basic Continuous Deployment pipeline this combination of systems allows . . .
Since my first tentative steps in to Kubernetes it’s been an interesting journey. For the most part I suspect the most common way to interact with Kubernetes is to use a managed platform through one of the main public cloud players (that’s certainly been my experience), but it doesn’t do a lot to understand the nuts and bolts of the platform. I’d been meaning to try and get stuck in . . .
If, like me, you’ve come from a traditional sysadmin background then Kubernetes can be daunting to say the least, this doesn’t get much easier when it comes to trying to get to grips with how to debug networking issues. Kubernetes networking is VAST and supports a number of complex implementations that vary between the major Kubernetes-as-a-Service platforms (GKE, EKS, AKS) as well as many other options. The broad strokes are . . .
Earlier in the year I wrote about automating Elastic Kubernetes Service role configuration (direct modification of the aws-auth ConfigMap) using Terraform, keeping the ARN data secret by looking it up from a secret management service (in this case Hashicorp Vault). Whilst the solution works well it comes with some built in issues when we want to provision a new deployment from scratch that aren’t obvious when we’re working with an . . .
FluentD is data collection platform and a popular choice for Kubernetes to aggregate logs. Aggregating logs is all well and good but for properly managing logs you really want to output them to a log management platform, ideally one which provides some degree of visualisation and insights, unless you really love working with raw logs it’s nice to be able to view them and see patterns in a manner that’s . . .
In a previous post we looked at the basics of working with multiple instances of Terraform providers, however as usual, Kubernetes presents some slight variations on this theme due to it’s varied options for authentication. In this post we’re looking at how to handle authentication for multiple Kubernetes clusters in Terraform. Provider Aliases Underpinning all concepts of working with multiple instances of a provider is the concept of working with . . .
One of the lesser known functions of Terraform is the ability to operate multiple instances of the same provider within the same configuration. The uses of this are various though as it’s not always needed it’s one of those things that doesn’t always leap out. It’s pretty easy to get to grips with so this is a short post to take a look at how to get started. Providers – . . .